"No industry is more fickle than fashion. Apparel manufacturers spend millions every year trying to anticipate the next big craze, which is ironic when you consider that our fundamental demands of clothing have changed little over the course of four hundred millennia. Whether we're wearing a grass skirt or $500 blue jeans, we like a bit of protection from the elements, a feeling of warmth and security, and to make an impression" in words of Patrick Tucker as stated in Smart Fashion. Clothes that we wear reflect our personalities, our character and help to make our image.
Man felt a need for garments from prehistoric times. Initially garments were used as a protection from climatic changes, as an adornment and for modesty. History is a witness to the fact that civilizations across the world have been wearing draped garment rather than cut and stitched, be it Roman togas or Indian Sari. Initially, garments were made from bark of trees, skins of animals and much later in fabric.
As the population size increased and man started staking territories, the role of armies developed as a consequence of this. Man needed a set of uniforms to identify the group formed as an army and as a result of the war, need of protective clothing from weapons also arose. The Armours made of steel plates were the first kind of uniforms which developed as a result of this, which were functional and provided necessary protection.
The Armours were made of a number of steel plates that were structured around the body in a manner so as to provide for a better movement, hence, a more functional outfit. This was the start of manufacturing industry as highly skilled personnel were required to make these Armours and this led to the start of pattern making. Armours are considered as a foundation for jackets, men wore jackets to look regal, and it immediately provided them with a stature. Initially jackets were structured like Armour; a traditional jacket had enough support to make it stand on its own when kept on a table. With passage of time they have become lighter and malleable
In the modern era the three piece suit has been the standard bearer for masculine western dress. Most dress historians attribute the rise of modern suit to 1820's when pantaloons, vests and coats had become recognizable assembly - a suit- embodying a male aesthetic of dynamism and self control. Good fit has conventionally been the prerogative of upper classes and depended upon the skills of the bespoke tailors i.e. 'spoken for'. The three piece suit today is an accepted standard formal menswear, generally almost all business men wear suits to work every day.
The traditional three piece suit for men includes a trouser, paired with a jacket/ coat and a shirt. Jacket is a very important piece of garment as it makes the first impression regarding the person wearing it and how they present themselves. For centuries design details and workmanship of men's tailoring have been borrowed by women's-wear. Contemporary designers are employing tailoring techniques which are increasingly using latest hi-technology that eliminates the need of hand stitching which was once and essential element of a well made Savile Row jacket.