Cotton is a natural fiber which is renewable and biodegradable. It has become an inevitable part of one's living, which is why it is also called "fabric of our lives". Mankind has been using cotton for the last 7000 years on a daily basis for different purposes. However, conventional cotton has huge environmental impacts, which have lead the cotton industries globally shift to a sustainable choice- organic cotton.


Today, cotton is the most widely used raw material in the world. It is used for manufacturing apparels, denims, home textiles, towels, lingerie and even food and medical products. Nevertheless, it is a known fact that growing cotton has many challenges, since it requires large amount of water, chemicals and pesticides. The cost of production and purchasing conventional cotton is less, but for the well-being of the land and farm workers, organic cotton is the best choice.


What is Organic Cotton?


Organic cotton means cotton that is grown without using harmful pesticides, chemicals and synthetic fertilizers. The methods and materials used in organic cotton farming maintain soil fertility and reduce negative impacts on rivers and fresh water sources close to the cotton farms. Further, organic cotton production does not use genetically modified (GM) seeds.


Why organic cotton is sustainable?


Organic cotton has proven benefits and nothing can beat its claim for sustainability. Farmers, who shift to organic cotton farming, not only make their lives healthy but also benefit the ecosystem. As it eliminates the use of pesticides and fertilizers, organic cotton prevents contamination of groundwater, thus making drinking water clean and safe. It has been found that the impact of water pollution of organic cotton is 98% less compared to the conventional cotton production.


It prevents pests for a long time through advantageous habitat planting. It preserves biodiversity by eliminating the use of toxic chemicals and insecticides on cotton. Organic cotton farming also contributes to the fight against global warming. As synthetic pesticides and fertilizers are not used, it reduces nitrogen emission in the atmosphere. Thus, organic cotton produces 94% less greenhouse gas emissions.


In addition, cotton grown organically reduces soil erosion and creates healthy soil. This type of soil has the power to withstand even draught conditions. Organic cultivation changes the soil into a carbon pit, which helps to remove carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. It helps the farmers to work within their limits, supporting the planet in a sustainable way.


Besides, environmental benefits, there are other benefits of organic cotton production. It provides healthy working environment to the workers and small scale farmers. Farmers increase their savings by not spending money on pesticides. Organic cotton products are softer and safer for the skin. Also, child or forced labor is not allowed in organic cotton production. Thus, labor laws are properly followed.