Fabric is part of key details that determines the general look of a place or attire. There are several fabrics that are being continuously used to create something pioneering and long lasting. The diversified uses of a single fabric have ensured that the demands of the existing textile and also the requirement of blended fabrics are on rise. Also the requirement of textiles as part of home decor is also increasing. The home decoration textiles include cotton, silk, satin, wool, non-blended and blended fabrics.
The focus of textile industry and also the furnishing industry has shifted from the expensive fabrics to the ones that are comparatively affordable, but are rich in appearance. Chenille fabric is one such option, which reflects opulence and is characterised by durability if appropriately taken care of. The fabric derives its name from its manufacturing process. The shimmer and shine is credited not to gleaming fibres, but to the manufacturing process of the fabric. The end product has a velvety texture.
The fabric is mainly made from cotton, but use of acrylic, rayon, olefin, wool and silk is also fairly common. The chenille fabric that uses cent percent combed cotton is used in scarves, blankets, towels, garments, washcloth, shawls and throws. The combed cotton makes the fabric soft and rich. The cotton chenille yarn is good for crocheting and garter or ripple stitch can be used to create perfect patterns. The chenille tapestry fabric is soft, sturdy and aesthetically pleasing. It often has close resemblance to Berber fleece, which is compared to fur. When used for the purpose of tapestry the fabric grants soft luxury of wool and sturdiness of contemporary fibres like olefin.
In countries like India where the need of chenille yarn arises following the excessive home furnishing demand, the yarn or fabric are imported from Shanghai, Thailand etc. Also, some of the manufacturers in India also purchase used chenille yarn machines from neighbouring countries like China to meet the rising demand of chenille fabric. Some companies in Turkey export chenille fabric to other countries like Germany, Swiss countries, Greece, Russia, Kuwait, Morocco, Azerbaijan, etc. and these companies are also among some of the top buyers of chenille yarn from other countries. Dalton, which is in Georgia, U.S.A. remains the chenille carpet capital of the world.
The demand for chenille fabrics has seen an upsurge in comparison to previous years. During the economic meltdown, several chenille manufacturers had to wind up their businesses following a financial meltdown in countries like Middle East in last few years. The chenille upholstery fabric demand decreased by 30 percent. Fortunately, with the European Union's economy on revival course, the demand of chenille has also increased, following an equivalent rise in furniture and home furnishing businesses. Countries like Egypt and Syria are also recovering and the requirement of chenille fabric has increased with recovery of home decor industry. Other countries like Romania are also exporting chenille yarn products including clothing and footwear to western countries.