Textiles have always played a central role in the evolution of human culture by being at the forefront of both technological and artistic development. The protective aspects of textiles have provided the ground for innovative developments, (Aswini et al 2010). Textiles have such an important bearing on our daily lives that everyone needs to know something about them. From earliest times, people have used textiles of various types for covering, warmth, personal adornment, and even to display personal wealth. Today, textiles are still used for these purposes and everyone is an ultimate consumer, (Singh 2008). The consumers are now increasingly aware of the hygienic life style, and there is necessity and expectation for a wide range of textile products finished with antimicrobial properties, (Ramachandran et al 2004).
"Consumers are looking for solution to odour and microbial problem and the unique benefits provided by antimicrobial problem and the unique benefits provided by antimicrobial finish" (Aswini et al, 2010). The name textile finishing covers an extremely wide range of activities, which are performed on textiles before they reach the final customer. Many natural dyes obtained from various plants are known to have antimicrobial properties, (Ramasamy et al 2011).
However, all finishing to increase the attractiveness or serviceability of the textile product, (Horrocks et al 2000). Originally the word "textiles" meant "simply woven fabric" the meaning has changed over the years and the word is now used more generally, (Thomas 2012).
Bacteria are unicellular organisms, which grow very rapidly under warmth and moisture. Sub divisions in the bacteria family are Gram positive (Staphylococcus Aureus), Gram negative (E.coli), spore bearing or non-spore bearing type. The growth of microbes on textiles during use and storage negatively affects the wearer as well as the textile itself, (Zahid Zaheer et al 2010). Clothing normally used is prone to microbial attack because of higher amount of surface area and presence of moisture, (Kavitha et al 2007). Obnoxious smell from the inner garments, spread of diseases, staining in textiles and degradation of clothing are detrimental effects of bad microbes. Though the use of antimicrobials have been known for decades, it is only in the recent couple of years that attempts have been made on finishing textiles with antimicrobial compounds. Antimicrobial textiles with improved functionality find a variety of applications such as health and hygiene products, specially the garments worn close to the skin and several medical applications, such as infection control and barrier material, (Joshi et al 2009).
Antimicrobials of plant origin have enormous therapeutic potential. They are effective in the treatment of infectious diseases, while simultaneously mitigating many of the side effects that are often associated with synthetic antimicrobials. Researchers are increasingly turning their attention to the medicinal plants and it is estimated that, plant materials are present in or have provided the models for 25-50% western drugs.
To treat the cotton fabric with selected source and evaluation
Materials and Methods
Selection of Source
The Mint Stem is collected from the local market. The stems were cleaned, washed and dried under shade. The dried stems were powdered.