Narrow width fabrics, mostly for industrial use, are further categorised into high performance narrow width fabrics and general purpose narrow width fabrics. Narrow width looms are being used to manufacture high strength belts and webbings. Pradeep, Dharmendra, Hemant, CK Nakum, and Nishika analyse the weaving technologies used to manufacture narrow width fabrics.
The technology used for weaving narrow width fabrics is carried on narrow width looms called needle or tape looms. Today, developments under conventional as well as technical textiles with various weaving technology for narrow width fabrics is rapidly increasing and potentially high demand for such products can be anticipated. Entrepreneurs can leverage this technology to launch innovative products with high unique selling proposition (USP).
Modern narrow machines are equipped with Computer Aided Design (CAD), jacquard, pattern creation and programming software for creating contemporary fabrics. Narrow fabrics using materials such as polypropylene, polyester, cotton, nylon, carbon, dyneema, aramid are more suitable for a wide range of applications such as garments, bags, shoelaces, fancy ribbons, sandals, wrist bands, safety belts, waist belts, and industrial belts.
Narrow fabric weaving is a fundamental textile technology.
Before the 17Th century, there was no difference between broad and narrow fabric weaving because on the hand loom it was only possible to weave one fabric at a time so that the width of the fabric was of no importance.
The situation changed in the 17Th century with the invention of a special demand of narrow fabrics for various applications, in this way several splits of fabric can be woven simultaneously.
Shedding and weft insertion were optimised so that by the middle of the 20Th century highly efficient narrow fabric looms with dobby and jacquard shedding were on the market. These narrow looms with direct warping machine were versatile to run a range of yarns for innovative product developments.
Fabrics that are not more than 45 cm in width, having two selvedges (Uncut edge on both the sides) can be termed as narrow fabric.
Application of Narrow Weaving Machines:
1. Itema America Inc. Narrow Weaving Machine for Sample Development:
We can weave many designs of fabric from different yarns to finalise the fabric for particular use. After meeting required parameters up to satisfactory level, decision of weaving on broad loom with exact width can be taken. This facility will prevent more consumption of costly yarns during sampling as well as we have opportunity to generate many prototypes economically up to finished products because of minimum quantity of material required.
We are taking an example of Evergreen Narrow sample loom equipped with modern weaving technology as follows: