Textile fibres have different applications depending on their characteristics and special properties. Pradeep Kulshrestha presents an overview.

Textile fibres have different applications depending on their characteristics and special properties. These are broadly classified into natural and man-made fibres (MMF). Nowadays, technical application of MMF has increased with innovative developments. Fibre composites containing carbon fibre-reinforced plastic is the advance material innovation for light weight savings and have more advantages. Contribution of high tenacity polyester, nylon, aramid, and dyneema is boosting businesses with more profit margins in technical textiles and composites.

Classification of Textile Fibres:

Staple fibre is a short length fibre of varying length between 0.5 inches and 2 inches. It forms the base for yarn. These are commonly called polyester staple, viscose staple and nylon staple. Filament fibre is a continuous fibre of indefinite length. Bunching of filament or imparting a little twist can be used directly for weaving.

Characteristics and application of MMF

Aramid: It does not melt, is highly flame-resistant, maintains its shape and form at high temperatures and has high resistance to stretch. It is used in protective clothing, hot gas