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Executive Director Arumuga Group of Industries
Government policies influence our growth
Textiles comprise around 85 per cent of the overall business at Arumuga Group of Industries, an India-based corporate giant with an annual turnover of around US$ 40 million. As the company continues to make its foothold stronger in the Indian textile industry, Vimall Arumugham, Executive Director of the company explains the workflow in the industry and shares some company details with Fibre2Fashion.com
What percentage of your overall business comprises the textiles niche?
The Arumuga Group is a multifaceted business organisation with a stellar presence in the field of textiles, food, FMCG, schools, and so on. Our prime business is textiles which comprises about 85 per cent of our total business. Speaking of only the textiles sector, 60 per cent is medical gauze (we are the largest manufacturers and exporters in India), 15 per cent is sheeting fabrics, 15 per cent is cotton spinning, 5 per cent is made-ups, and 5 per cent is garments. The group offers about 4,000 direct and roughly 2,000 indirect employment opportunities. Its manufacturing facilities are located in 16 different places in Tamil Nadu.
What is the size of the gauze clothing market in India? What is the percentage pie claimed by the Arumuga Group of Industries?
Gauze manufacturing in India is about Rs 350–400 crore, and about 15 per cent is manufactured at Arumuga. However, Arumuga being a 100 per cent EOU (export-oriented unit), all products manufactured are exported. Arumuga is the largest manufacturer and exporter for gauze in India.
What is the size of the cotton carded and combed yarn industry in India? What are the strengths and weaknesses of this industry?
Indian spinning industry is one of the biggest in the world with around 60 million spindles. Installed capacity of rotors in the country is around 9 lakh. India has the second highest spindleage after China, and contributes about 29 per cent share in the cotton yarn trade in the world.
Strengths of the Indian spinning industry: India is one of the largest producers of cotton in the world. So, it has an abundant supply of raw materials. India has an abundant manpower when compared to other countries, which brings down the overall costing in the world market.
Weakness of the Indian spinning industry: Over-capacity in recent years has affected profit in the Indian spinning industry to a greater extent than in the past years. Investments in other sectors such as weaving, processing and garmenting did not increase to the extent investments have in the spinning sector. So, there is more production and less demand. Indian labour productivity is lower as compared to other competing countries like China. Absenteeism and attrition rates are increasingly higher. Government labour policies and export policies (such as free trade agreements) are relatively unfavourable to the industry. The duty structure for export or import of cotton, yarn, manmade fibres are not on par with our competitors. Power costs, which contributes about 60 per cent of the yarn cost, is higher in India as compared to its neighbours.
Which are the major export markets for home textiles in India?
The European Union, the US, Canada and Australia are the major export markets for Indian home textiles. The main competitors for Indian home textiles are Pakistan, Indonesia and Turkey.
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