Mr. Anand Sharma
Minister of Textiles and Commerce & Industry Govt. of India
..the first objective is to increase the share of manufacturing in overall economy to at least 25% by 2022.
In 2010, the Indian economy rebounded robustly from the global financial crisis - largely because of strong domestic demand - and growth exceeded 8% year-on-year in real terms. With its ninth largest nominal GDP and the fourth largest purchasing power parity (PPP), the country's per capita GDP (PPP) stood $3,586 (IMF, 129th) in 2010. Industry accounts for 28% of the GDP and employs 14% of the total workforce.
Textile manufacturing is the second largest source of employment after agriculture. During 2004 to 2008, the total investment amounted to 27 billion dollars. By 2012, still convinced of the government, this figure will reach 38 billion as expected. Ludhiana produces 90% of woolens in India and is known as the Manchester of India. Tirupur has gained universal recognition as the leading source of hosiery, knitted garments, casual wear and sportswear.
The Ministry of Textiles steers the formulation of policy, planning, development, export promotion and regulation of the textile sector in India. This includes all natural, artificial, and cellulosic fibres that go into the making of textiles, clothing and handicrafts.
Mr. Anand Sharma (Born 5 January 1953) is the present Union Minister of Textiles and Cabinet Minister for Commerce and Industry, Government of India. He was given the portfolio for Ministry of Textiles on July 12 2011. Mr. Sharma is currently member of upper House of the Parliament (Rajya Sabha).
Addressing the Face2Face talk with Ms. Madhu Soni- Sr. Editor & Correspondent, Mr. Anand Sharma draws the closer picture of the Indian textile industry and shares the ministry’s plans to enhance the performance of this vital sector.
Face2Face feels pleasure to host an interview with you, Sir! You have assumed additional charge as hon’ble Union Minister of Textile in recent past; please apprise us about the immediate challenges figured out by your ministry.
Indian Textiles Industry is the India’s second largest employer sector after agriculture, employing 60 million textiles workers. The industry has witnessed rapid investments catalyzed by TUFS with Rs. 2.07 lac crores of project costs being approved since 1999. Textiles industry has just coped resiliently with the global economic recession and the highest price volatility in cotton prices in the past 150 years. There appears to be incipient signs of a slowdown in 2011-12 with yarn and fabric production coming down. However, I am confident that in a year of low raw material costs, textiles industry will weather the challenges of a slow down and register positive manufacturing growth.
So, what will be some of the key action areas in reform agenda to bring back the industry on high growth trail?
The level of ambition has to be high to begin with. We have a very robust policy framework that will be attractive to investors. We have to bear the larger objective in mind. The share of manufacturing in India has been stagnating, which is much higher in other countries such as China, South Korea, Thailand, Malaysia and Indonesia, where it is 25%-34%. Therefore, the first objective is to increase the share of manufacturing in overall economy to at least 25% by 2022.
Well, that means more opportunities for jobs. Am I right?
Definitely! There is a social dimension too, which is to create 100 million jobs. In a country of 1.2 billion people, manufacturing is the only sector that can create so much employment. The idea is to make Indian manufacturing globally competitive. The National Investment and Manufacturing Zones(NIMZ) that are planned are not just zones but standalone, integrated industrial townships that will be autonomous and self-governing under Article 243Q-C of the Constitution.
So, what role infrastructural development will play in these ambitious plans to growth?
In meeting the aspirations of our people to sustain double-digit growth over the next few decades, creation of world-class infrastructure would be of critical imperative. The coming decade will see expansion of our road and highway networks, building of new ports and airports and expansion of telecom and power sectors to provide sustenance to our growing economy. We aim to invest in excess of US$ 1 trillion over the next decade in creation of our infrastructure.
What level of support is available from various affiliated government bodies on the plan of actions proposed?
The recent interactions with the chambers of industry and their senior members have yielded considerable feedback on the initiatives already taken by the Government. A number of issues, including those relating to the implementation of the direct tax code, GST, National Manufacturing Policy, MMDR Act and so on, were discussed. A number of actionable points have emerged because of these discussions. We intend to continue the structured dialogue with the industry, including at the state level, and have such interactions more frequently. A decision has been taken to constitute an Industry-Government task force at the level of the Commerce & Industry Minister for ongoing interactions with industry. First meeting of the task force has already taken place.
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