Home / Knowledge / News / Textiles / MIT researchers create 'living' textile
MIT researchers create 'living' textile
18
Feb '16
Courtesy: Tangible Media Group/MIT Media Lab
Courtesy: Tangible Media Group/MIT Media Lab
Researchers at Massachusetts Institute of Technology's Media Lab's bioLogic group have created a new form of performance fabric that combines biomaterials research with textile design. BioLogic is growing living actuators and synthesizing responsive bio-skin in the era where, researchers declare, “bio is the new interface.” They are imagining a world where actuators and sensors can be grown rather than manufactured, being derived from nature as opposed to engineered in factories, MIT said on its website.

Under the direction of Professor Hiroshi Ishii, the bioLogic team has unearthed a new behavior of the ancient bacteria Bacillus subtilis natto: the expansion and contraction of the natto cells relative to atmospheric moisture. The team is capitalizing on this natural phenomenon by embedding the bacteria into fabric to ventilate garments. They harvest the animate natto cells in a bio lab and assemble them with a micron-resolution bio-printing system, transforming them into responsive fashion, a “second skin.” The synthetic bio-skin reacts to body heat and sweat, causing flaps around heat zones to open, enabling sweat to evaporate and cool down the body through an organic material flux.

Together with New Balance, bioLogic is applying this technology to creating sportswear that regulates athletes' body temperatures, thereby enhancing performance. Lining Yao, who is responsible for concept creation, interaction design, and fabrication for bioLogic, explains, “We are trying to explore how the physical materials and physical environment can be smarter, more adaptive, and become part of us. This garment will understand when you sweat, and it will sense and open up to release your sweat, and close up to keep you warm again. A garment can become an interface that can communicate with your body. The reason we started to explore this bacteria is that we knew that in the natural world there are a lot of smart materials that are naturally responsive. It's very sensitive to even tiny changes in the skin condition, so we thought an on-skin transformable textile would be a really interesting application.”

Beyond the industrial collaboration, a grant from the MIT Council for the Arts enabled bioLogic to invite fashion and product designers from the Royal College of Art, Oksana Anilionyte and Helene Steiner, to bring the project to a new artistic level. Yao explains that bioLogic chose to focus their efforts on the more cutting-edge technological, artistic, or conceptual ideas, and hope some of the pragmatic concerns - like washing and caring for garments made from the “bio-skin” - will be addressed by the wider design community who produce and use the fabric. The project has already piqued the interest of several fashion designers from Central Saint Martins and Parsons, who see a number of potential uses, including creating a garment for Korean women who fish and using this natural nanoactuator to explore other forms of clothing.


Must ReadView All

Courtesy: Asmara Group

Apparel/Garments | On 20th Sep 2018

Fragmented nature of Indian apparel sector major challenge

A major challenge for the Indian apparel sector is its fragmented...

Courtesy: Pexels

Textiles | On 20th Sep 2018

Risk to US consumers grows with tariff escalation: NRF

The US National Retail Federation (NRF) has expressed disappointment...

India's 2018-19 forward cotton export contract up by 100%

Textiles | On 20th Sep 2018

India's 2018-19 forward cotton export contract up by 100%

Rise in demand from China, lower domestic prices and depreciation of...

Interviews View All

Sunil Kumar Sharma, Loknayak JPNSSSG Ltd

Sunil Kumar Sharma
Loknayak JPNSSSG Ltd

'The blend of cotton–linen yarn has high demand in the domestic and...

Top executives, Indian retail players

Top executives
Indian retail players

Walmart's acquisition of Flipkart endorses the humongous opportunities in...

Mandeep Nagi, Shades of India

Mandeep Nagi
Shades of India

Women value something that is unique and has a flavour of India

Sham Shah,

Sham Shah

Shamal and Shamal Pvt Ltd is into manufacturing and sales of textile...

Abhishek Pachauri,

Abhishek Pachauri

Reckon Industries is into manufacturing of textile process house machines, ...

Urmil Arya,

Urmil Arya

Sushila International, a well established textile organisation established ...

Ashok Desai, Bombay Textile Research Association

Ashok Desai
Bombay Textile Research Association

Bombay Textile Research Association (BTRA) is a leading name in textile...

Mary-Cathryn Kolb, Brrr°

Mary-Cathryn Kolb
Brrr°

Atlanta-based private start-up Brrr° was founded in 2014 to develop...

Mohammad Hassan, Biax Fiberfilm

Mohammad Hassan
Biax Fiberfilm

About one in every 20 patients picks up an infection while hospitalised....

Tony Ward, Tony Ward

Tony Ward
Tony Ward

"You have to truly understand what your client wants, know her needs, what ...

Priya Somaiya, Usha Social Services

Priya Somaiya
Usha Social Services

The Usha Silai label from Usha International is all set for a retail...

Rajesh Pratap Singh, Rajesh Pratap Singh

Rajesh Pratap Singh
Rajesh Pratap Singh

<div>Ace fashion designer <b>Rajesh Pratap Singh</b> has used Tencel to...

Press Release

Press Release

Letter to Editor

Letter to Editor

RSS Feed

RSS Feed

Submit your press release on


editorial@fibre2fashion.com

Letter To Editor






(Max. 8000 char.)

Search Companies





SEARCH

Leave your Comments


September 2018

Subscribe today and get the latest update on Textiles, Fashion, Apparel and so on.

news category


Related Categories:

Advanced Search