China is the world's largest cotton producing and consuming country. The 2008 production was more than 7.5 million tons, down 1.6 percent from the previous year and was the only major agricultural product that saw decline in production, though consumption reached 10 million tons.
There was a clear signal of continued cut in China's cotton production, when sowing of cotton crop began in full swing in the new cotton season. In the most important cotton-producing region of Xinjiang, 2009 cotton-growing area has reduced to 23 million Mu, down 1.4 million Mu and 4.60 million Mu, when compared with 2008 and 2007, respectively.
In addition, 2009 cotton area in Shandong Province registered 13 million Mu, down 320,000 Mu from 2008. Total output is expected to be 940,000 ton, down 100,000 ton from the previous year. The cotton cultivated area had also witnessed a reduction of 179,000 Mu in 2008, when compared with the previous year.
Cotton yield of main cotton producing areas in Hebei Province and Jizhou, Nantong, of Jiangsu Province is also expected to fall 30–50 percent due to climatic factors. Although cotton is a drought-tolerant crop, but long-term drought can lead to production cut. The survey in Hubei Province has found that about 70 percent of cotton plants show severe phenomenon of premature aging, production is expected to reduce by more than 30 percent.
The Development and Reform Commission of Jiangsu Province expects that cotton production of Jiangsu is likely to be less than 300,000 tons this year, which indicates a fall of 46,000 tons from the previous year. Total output of the largest cotton-growing area of Yancheng is expected to decline to 125,000 tons, while cotton quality will also fall in varying degrees.
Fibre2fashion News Desk - India