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Felt Industry thrives in Hasaka

12
Jun '10
Felt industry, a form of conventional handicraft, owing to bulk availability of raw materials has thrived in Hasaka, a province in north-eastern Syria. Such availability of raw materials is mainly because of a huge flock of sheeps that are bred in the region.

Felt primarily is prepared from sheep's wool, but at times it is also prepared from camel or goat's hair. It is prepared by thumping the wool or else with the help of automatic compression. Its colour closely resembles that of natural wool, as it is generally produced in black, white or brown, but at times artificial dyes are also utilized to embellish it with geometric figures and pictures.

Felt is a compressed textile that's 4 metres in length and 1 metre in breadth. It is beneficial in many ways as apart from being soft and supple, it also keeps heat and sound apart.

People instead of using artificial sponge in their sitting room or bedroom furniture prefer using felt, owing to its aesthetic and health facets. Also, they use the same for preparing saddles and to beautify the walls of their houses.

It takes almost six hours to prepare a felt nugget, this because, people making felt first of all need to segregate black and white wool to tease it and then pluck out the reef knots. They then extract wool and clean it by washing it with water and soap.

Thereafter, they spread it on an appropriately sized cloth as per the customer's requirement and then pull out the knots with special scissors. It is then encircled on a cylinder with two cords fastened to a wooden stick and the felt-maker then applies pressure on it, using a special hammer and then felt is laid on the ground for drying.

Besides being used for furnishing floors and walls of the room, felt is also utilized to prepare dolls, pillows, carpets, saddles and socks. Previously, it was even used to prepare hats, fezzes and linings.

Fibre2Fashion News Desk - India


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