Home / Knowledge / News / Textiles / Indian scientists develop fibres for self-cleaning fabric
Indian scientists develop fibres for self-cleaning fabric
Dec '12
Prof. Mangala Joshi
Prof. Mangala Joshi
Scientists from IIT Delhi have developed nanocomposite fibres which have unique features of self-cleaning, dyeability, toughness and thermal stability.
Prof. Mangala Joshi, Department of Textile Technology, IIT Delhi, told fibre2fashion, “In our laboratory, we have developed high performance fibres, nanocomposite fibres, based on polypropylene, nylon and polyurethane by incorporating nanoparticles such as nanoclays, carbon nanotubes and titinia nanoparticles.”
“Nanocomposite fibres are a new class of materials with ultrafine dispersion of nanomaterials in a fibre forming polymer,” she informs.
According to the professor, the fibres have much superior properties such as mechanical strength, toughness, thermal stability, electrical conductivity, dyeability, and self-cleaning or antimicrobial, “depending on the type of nanomaterials used such as carbon nanotubes, nanoclays, silica or titanium nanoparticles.”
“A very low loading of nanoparticles is needed to obtain the enhanced properties and the reason is that if nanoparticles are successfully dispersed at nanolevel in the fibre matrix, the interfacial region becomes large due to very high surface area to volume ratio,” she mentions.
When asked about the adverse effect of the new fibres, she says, “Toxicity of nanoparticles is under a lot of investigation and several clinical studies are going on to actually see the adverse effect of either ingestion or inhalation of nanoparticles suspended in water or air respectively.”
“Once the nanoparticles are embedded inside the polymeric matrix as in nanocomposite fibres or strongly bound to the textile substrate in nanofinishing, the toxic effects can be safely avoided for the end users and moreover, all classes of the nanomaterials do not show the  same level of toxic effect,” she says.
She quickly adds, “However, handling of nanomaterials should always be done with care and with prescribed safety precautions.”
Informing about the ongoing research, she reveals, “We are currently working on nanocomposite coatings on textile and nanofibres based on polymer nanocomposites for creating functional textiles with improved durability and performance.”
“These will find applications in defence or biomedical sector,” she mentions.

Fibre2fashion News Desk - India

Must ReadView All

(L-R) Mr Shao Bojin, Chairman of Jihua Group and Mr Rohit Aggarwal, President of Huntsman Textile

Textiles | On 28th Oct 2016

Huntsman gets into strategic partnership with Jihua Group

Huntsman Textile Effects, the leading provider of high quality dyes...

Marzoli FT6D roving frames in Sintex’s Unit 2. Coutresy: Marzoli

Textiles | On 28th Oct 2016

Marzoli roving frames erected at Sintex textile division

A total of 48 Marzoli roving frames were erected in units I, II and...

Courtesy: Polartec

Textiles | On 28th Oct 2016

Polartec innovates most breathable waterproof fabric

Polartec, the premium provider of innovative textile solutions, has...

Interviews View All

Abhishek Ganguly
Puma India

‘As a brand, Puma is always looking for new and innovative ways to inspire ...

Divyesh Mashruwala
Akshar Industries

Surat dominates foiling, embossing and pleating

Dharmendra Shah
Ozone PB Spintex Limited

‘We have made huge investments to ensure quality yarn production.’

Lynda Kelly
Suominen Corporation

Suominen Corporation is a manufacturer of nonwovens as roll goods for...

Johan Berlin
InvestKonsult Sweden AB

Investkonsult Sweden AB has been buying and selling second-hand textile...

Paolo Ocleppo
Sandvik Hyperion

Paolo Ocleppo, Rotary Cutting Segment manager, Sandvik Hyperion discusses...

Tony Ward
Tony Ward

"You have to truly understand what your client wants, know her needs, what ...

Jay Ramrakhiani
Occasions Elegance Wear

It is believed that by early 19th century, Varanasi weavers had moved away ...

Wendell Rodricks
Wendell Rodricks

"We should not compare India and the West. There are things we do that...

Press Release

Press Release

Letter to Editor

Letter to Editor

RSS Feed

RSS Feed

Submit your press release on


Letter To Editor

(Max. 8000 char.)

Search Companies

October 2016

October 2016

Subscribe today and get the latest update on Textiles, Fashion, Apparel and so on.


Browse Our Archives


Advanced Search