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NY cotton futures show mixed performance this week
09
Feb '13
NY futures had a mixed performance this week, as March dropped 155 points to close at 81.40 cents, while new crop December gained 123 points to close at 82.38 cents.

With the trade throwing everything but the kitchen sink at the short side, including another 66’000 bales of certified stock, the spot month finally began to correct this week and carrying charges continued to reappear. This created a seesaw effect on the board, as March dropped 155 points, while May (down 87) and July (down 39) suffered only minor losses and December (up 123) climbed to a new 8-1/2 month high today.

As the latest CFTC report as of January 29 shows, the trade has further increased its already sizeable net short position by adding another 18’719 contracts, which brings the overall net short to 14.85 million bales. We have to go all the way back to the week of September 14, 2010 to find a bigger trade short. On the other side of the equation we have speculators (7.47 million bales net long) and index funds (7.38 million net long) with almost identical positions. Since index fund holdings are purely a function of money flows, the “market driven” positions between spec longs and trade shorts are currently at a 1-to-2 ratio.

The trade has been backing up its large bet by increasing the certified stock quite considerably in recent weeks. As of this morning it measured 233’548 bales (including bales under review), the highest level since May 2011. Just over the last ten days the certified stock has more than doubled! In beefing up tenderable supplies, the trade is trying to achieve two objectives, namely to safeguard its large futures short position and to force carryings back onto the board. So far the strategy is succeeding, although it comes at a price!

The larger this trade short position grows, the more support it creates downs the road, because these shorts will eventually have to be bought back. That will occur when basis long-positions get sold and when mills finally fix the 3.75 million bales that are still open on March, May and July. Further, we have to assume that some of these nearly 15 million bales in net trade shorts are of speculative nature, since the amount is simply too large to just represent hedges against unsold cash positions and on-call sales at this point in the season. By the way, the vast majority of these positions are in current crop, because open interest in new crop December and beyond amounts to less than 1.5 million bales at this point. In other words, the trade has to unwind a lot of positions over the next four months!

The US export sales report of this morning was a mixed bag, as sales clearly slowed down last week in reaction to higher prices, and China was once again missing in action. However, there were still 16 markets participating in buying 143’800 running bales of Upland and Pima cotton last week. Shipments of 455’000 running bales, a marketing year high, were also very impressive. For the season total commitments now amount to 10.5 million statistical bales, whereof exactly half or 5.25 million bales have so far been exported.

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