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China's textile machinery industry grows manifold
May '13
China’s textile machinery industry has grown manifold in recent years with continuous expansion of its production capacity. The technical level of the as well as the number of persons employed in the Chinese textile machinery sector has also grown over the years.
The number of industrial enterprises manufacturing textile machinery has grown from a few dozens some years ago to over 1,000 as of today. Accordingly, the annual output of these industries has increased from several hundred million yuan to more than 100 billion yuan.
At present, China has become the world’s largest producer and consumer of textile machinery. In addition to consumption by domestic market, Chinese textile machinery is imported by several countries, which fetches over US$ 2 billion in foreign exchange every year.
In the process, the technical and automation level of Chinese textile machinery products has increased dramatically. For example, it required more than 300 people to operate 10,000 spindles of cotton spinning equipment in the past. Today, it requires only 30 people.
Similarly, from being an importer of non-woven machines and computerized flat knitting machines, China has today become producer of tens of thousands of these machines every year.
Over the years, significant progress has also been made in production of textile machinery and equipment that is energy-saving, water-saving, reduces emissions, and shortens process of dyeing and finishing.
Of particular mention is the growth of textile machinery for the chemical fibre industry, which has seen faster development. The equipment needed for manufacturing of purified terephthalic acid (PTA) is now produced domestically in China.
Earlier, China totally relied on imports for technology and equipment related to polyester plants, but now plants with an annual output of 200,000-300,000 tons have become common in China.
In the past, China had no polyester staple fiber (PSF) equipment. At the beginning, one production line could only produce 2,000 tons of PSF per year, but now one line has an annual capacity to produce 60,000 tons of PSF.
Likewise, one production line of viscose staple fiber (VSF) could only produce 3,400 tons per year in the past, but now one line can produce 45,000 tons per year.
In addition, China has also started manufacturing of equipment for some other processes, such as those needed for production of acrylic, spandex, and high-tech aramid.

Fibre2fashion News Desk - China

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