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Plain weave Ikat fabrics prove to be irresistible
24
Aug '09
Ikat is one of the styles of weaving that uses a resist dyeing process as similar to tie-dye. These fabrics are woven by hand on narrow looms in a labor-intensive process. Plain weave Ikat fabrics have unique resist patterns so it looks the same on both sides of fabrics. There is no right or wrong side to the cloth.

The easiest way to create Ikat is to dye the warp so that a pattern is visible when the loom is set up. The pattern is visible to the weaver when the dyed threads are used as warp. Double Ikats are the most difficult to produce because in these warp and weft are precisely tied and dyed so that the pattern can interlock and reinforce each other when the fabric is woven.

Most accurate Ikat is the Japanese Oshima-thrice woven cloth, where the warp and weft threads are used as warp to weave stiff fabric, upon which the thread for the Ikat weaving is spot-dyed, after that the mats are winded and the dyed thread is woven into Oshima cloth.

Examples of Indian Ikats are Patans Patola, Pochampali, Narayanpur, and Koyalagudem. Ikat saris are sold in major urban centers in Indian markets. But majority of them are made for export. Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat and Orissa are the hubs for creating Ikat saris.

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Fibre2fashion News Desk - India

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