Home / Knowledge / News / Textiles / Impacts of increased MSP in India on world & US cotton markets
Impacts of increased MSP in India on world & US cotton markets
09
Sep '09
The Cotton Economics Research Institute (CERI) coordinates economic research activities on all aspects of cotton research (e.g. production, marketing, trade, processing, value added) within Texas Tech University and other research units throughout the United States and other countries. CERI releases the report on cotton prices.

Domestic subsidies for cotton and other commodities have been a major topic of interest, especially during the Doha Round of the World Trade Organization trade negotiations. Many developing countries have insisted that domestic subsidies in countries like the United States represent significant trade barriers because they lower world price below their cost of production. India, Brazil, and other developing countries intimate that unless these domestic subsidies are lowered, they are unwilling to provide any more market access concessions in trade negotiations.

However, these countries utilize domestic subsidy programs as well. India, for example, uses a minimum support price (MSP) program, which is similar to the U.S. Commodity Credit Corporation non-recourse loan program. The Government of India (GOI) annually sets the MSP for each growth region, which represents the price at which the government will purchase seed cotton from farmers. The Cotton Corporation of India (CCI) is then responsible for executing the MSP program.

Generally, the MSPs are based on the expected cost of production and are not linked to the market price of cotton (lint). The market price for seed cotton is typically above the MSP, but in September 2008, the GOI announced a significant increase in the MSP of seed cotton, with the increase ranging from 26 – 48% depending on the variety (FAS, 2008). Based on Adams (2009), that level of MSP equates to about $0.72/lb (lint equivalent) for the most commonly produced varieties of cotton. Compared with international prices of $0.55 to $0.58/lb, the MSP is above international prices and therefore may have a direct impact on production and trade flows. In fact, in 2008, the CCI was authorized to purchase as much as 11.7 million bales from the Indian crop in order to maintain the MSP.

The purpose of this paper is to examine the impacts of the increase in the Indian MSP on global and U.S. cotton markets in terms of both price and cotton trade. We utilized a partial equilibrium structural econometric model of the world fiber market developed by the Cotton Economics Research Institute at Texas Tech University (Pan et al.). The structural model first establishes a baseline forecast of the world cotton market along with individual countries and production regions under the status quo of agricultural policy as it exists today and based on macroeconomic assumptions developed by Global Insight. Next, a new projection of world cotton markets was developed under the increased MSP for India with all other policies and macroeconomic assumptions remaining as in the baseline. Specifically,we assumed that the seed cotton MSP is set at 27,500 rupees/metric ton, with a gin turnout rate of 35% to develop projections of lint cotton production and trade.


Must ReadView All

Indian govt relaxes cabotage rule for cotton transport

Textiles | On 25th May 2018

Indian govt relaxes cabotage rule for cotton transport

The Government of India has relaxed cabotage rules for transportation ...

Courtesy: Teejay Lanka

Textiles | On 25th May 2018

Teejay Lanka doubles production capacity at Indian mill

Teejay Lanka, one of Sri Lanka’s largest textile manufacturers, has...

Courtesy: Messe Frankfurt/Yarn Expo Autumn edition

Textiles | On 25th May 2018

Yarn Expo Autumn 2018 scheduled earlier

Over 500 exhibitors are expected at the Yarn Expo Autumn 2018, being...

Interviews View All

Claudia Kersten
Global Organic Textile Standard

‘GOTS is a very efficient supply chain management tool, especially for...

Vidhyaa Shankar. S
A Ganapathi Chettiar

'The usage of knits is getting into the boundaries of woven fabrics'

Karan Toshniwal
Orange O Tec

Contemporary industry is paying more and more attention to the...

Rikesh Mistry

Jupiter Comtex Pvt Ltd, established in 1973, started its textile machinery ...

Apurva Kothari

No Nasties was the first fashion brand in India to make 100 per cent...

Abhishek Pachauri

Reckon Industries adapts latest systems for manufacturing from designing...

Lynda Kelly
Suominen Corporation

Suominen Corporation is a manufacturer of nonwovens as roll goods for...

Marcel Alberts
Eurofibers

Coating at a fibre level is a practice not usually seen in the...

Urs Stalder
Sanitized AG

Urs Stalder, CEO, Sanitized AG, talks about the increasing use of hygiene...

Madhu Jain
Madhu Jain

She grew up in the walled city of Old Delhi, completed her studies, and...

Sanjukta Dutta
Sanjukta's Studio

<b>Sanjukta Dutta</b> creates unique garments by clubbing prints of...

Igor Chapurin
Chapurin

"Now we can see the Russian trend in international fashion. And Russian...

Press Release

Press Release

Letter to Editor

Letter to Editor

RSS Feed

RSS Feed

Submit your press release on


editorial@fibre2fashion.com

Letter To Editor






(Max. 8000 char.)

Search Companies





SEARCH

Leave your Comments


May 2018

Subscribe today and get the latest update on Textiles, Fashion, Apparel and so on.

news category


Related Categories:

Advanced Search