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Govt plans to resuscitate cotton sector
Jan '10
Almost, eight years back, on an average 30,000 hectares of country's land was utilized for cultivation of cotton with an average output of 1.5 tons of cotton per hectare, which satisfied just 10 percent demand of the local garment and textile industry. The sector at that point of time earned VND405 billion (US $23 million) every year.

Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, thus, aimed at increasing the area of land on which cotton was cultivated to 230,000 hectares by 2010, to meet the industry demand.

But actually the land available for cotton cultivation fell by 5,000-10,000 hectares in 2007-08 and was then able to meet only three to five percent of domestic textile and garment industry's requirements.

Due to such dwindling of country's cotton-growing industry over years, the flourishing textile and garment sector is forced to depend on imported fibers to sustain productivity.
The Government in order to tackle decline in production, sanctioned a new plan to increase cotton cultivation by 2015 and meeting the end target by 2020.

The plan aimed at attaining an output of 20,000 tons in 2010 by increasing the cultivation of cotton to 30,000- 40,000 hectares. However, as against this, in 2009, just 8,000 hectares of country's land was utilized for cotton cultivation, lacking far behind the set goal.

In 2007-08, cultivation of cotton was carried out on an area of 6,000 hectares nationwide, but resulted in an output of just 2,600 tons. In 2008, the prices of cotton were even raised to VND 9,000 per kilogram from VND 7,000 per kilogram, but this was not sufficient to aid revitalization of the industry.

The Prime Minister Nguyen Tan Dung meanwhile recently sanctioned a new plan to develop cotton cultivation until 2015. The new plan aims at cultivation of cotton on 30,000 hectares of land on an average, which is expected to result into production of 1.5-2 tons of cotton per hectare by 2015. By 2020, farmers are expected to cultivate the crop on 76,000 hectares, to deliver an output of 2-2.5 tons per hectare.

Government is also going to extend support to cotton farmers by encouraging the cotton processors to help them in mechanizing their cultivation processes, ranging from preparation of land to harvesting, and also preservation of fiber.

Experts are of the opinion that the local authorities and concerned industry sectors should coordinate with each other to surmount the challenges concerning cotton production and thereby revive the industry.

Fibre2fashion News Desk - India

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