Gartner identifies five factors to boost India's e-commerce
Customer experience, product range, delivery, payment and customer service are the top five things Indian digital commerce players should focus on to grow their business, Gartner, Inc, an American information technology research and advisory firm providing technology said in a press release.
"Digital commerce is at a nascent stage in India, and it accounts for less than 1 per cent of total retail sales in 2015. However, India is one of the fastest-growing digital commerce markets in Asia/Pacific," said Gene Alvarez, managing vice president at Gartner. "India represents a $7 billion market, growing at more than 40 per cent every year. Currently B2C commerce leads the market in India, while B2B is limited to organizations that drive online sales while trying to cut costs in dealing with their partners and distributors."
Mobile commerce is a primary channel for digital commerce in India. Over 40 per cent of digital commerce transactions came from a mobile device in 2014, and it is likely to exceed 50 per cent in 2015. Due to the low Internet penetration in India, the country is leapfrogging the PC, and consumers are using mobile as the primary channel for online shopping.
"There is a lot of hype due to the high growth and high expectation of the market, and many companies are fast expanding to grab market share and increase visibility. However, the fierce competition is pushing up costs while the average order value remains low. Players need to execute on the basics to ensure the growth is sustainable," said Alvarez.
It said customer experience is the most important differentiator of a digital commerce service as price becomes transparent across sites. Providers that can design a compelling user interface, personalize landing pages, search results and product feeds based on the shopper's behaviour, and effectively engage shoppers to make them loyalty customers, will win over those that cannot.
As far as product range is concerned, the release said that due to the nascent nature of India's digital commerce market, product range and choices are still quite limited even on major marketplaces. Providers will need to expand the product ranges to make the service attractive to shoppers through organic growth and partnership. Focusing on a few categories, such as consumer electronics, fashion and grocery can also be the right strategy to deeply penetrate a product segment and become the go-to site for that category.
Delivery is a key challenge in India given the less developed logistic infrastructure and the lack of last-mile connectivity in remote areas. Providers will have to partner with multiple logistic providers to leverage their strengths in national, regional and local delivery, as well as with retail stores as pickup stations to offer reasonable delivery speed and costs. They also need to consider putting in place reverse logistics for returns, which significantly impacts the customer experience.