Sari fabrics are brightly coloured, are usually decorated with beautiful patterns and are part of Indian traditional dress. The possibilities offered by warp knitting for producing them are as multifaceted as the designs featured on these decorative textiles themselves.
KARL MAYER’s textile innovations show what patterns can be produced economically on these fabrics. The high-speed tricot and raschel warp knitting machines produced by this world-renowned textile machine manufacturer can be used to produce embroidery grounds and a wide range of constructions, and patterns can even be worked directly into the delicate fabrics on the FL 20/16 lace raschel machine.
Tulle and filet constructions produced on the HKS 2, HKS 2-3 and HKS 3-M
Fabrics for use as a textile carrier for embroidery work can be produced extremely efficiently and in a high quality on high-speed tricot machines. With their high dimensional stability, exceptional slip resistance and fine, regular structure, warp-knitted fabrics enable extremely accurate designs to be produced by embroidering them with decorative threads.
The warp-knitted embroidery grounds are preferably produced in a gauge of E 28 and may have a variety of constructions. High-speed tricot machines with at least two guide bars are basically suitable for producing all types of tulle. The holes in the lightweight, airy fabrics have an arched shape. The size of the holes and the width of the connecting pieces can be varied extensively. For example, a 3-stitch, hexagonal tulle with its typical, open holes can be produced just as easily as filet fabrics with filigree openings.
The HKS 3-M can also be used to produce various types of marquisette fabrics. These symmetrical constructions are produced using three guide bars and have characteristic square openings. These warp-knitted textiles with their stable, grid-like construction first made a breakthrough into the sari sector about three years ago in 2010. Since then, the HKS 3-M has been a best-seller in India.
The development of Ice-Net fabrics has also promoted sales of this high-speed, three-bar tricot machine. The filet/tulle constructions are also being increasingly embroidered and are decorated attractively for use as saris.
Powernet fabrics produced on the RSE 4
The RSE 4 is another extremely efficient machine for producing embroidery grounds for saris. This raschel machine produces non-stretch, regular net constructions with circular openings with up to four guide bars. The stretch version of this fabric, which is known as powernet on the market, is already widely used in lingerie and foundation wear. Unlike the high-speed tricot machines, the RSE 4 operates with higher yarn tension levels and produces fabrics having a lower stitch density.
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