Home / Knowledge / News / Textiles / US share in China cotton import dips sharply in 2018-19

US share in China cotton import dips sharply in 2018-19

Sep '19
The US share of China cotton imports fell to 18 per cent in 2018-19, down sharply from 45 per cent in 2017-18, and was well below the 30 per cent share seen over the previous five years, according to the US department of agriculture (USDA). This was also the lowest market share since China reformed its cotton sector in 1999, the USDA said in a report.

"In 2018-19 cotton season, the US cotton faced two challenges in China; first, the additional tariffs being placed on certain imports of US cotton; and second, the arrival on the world market of two consecutive record Brazilian crops," the Foreign Agriculture Service of the USDA said in its September 2019 report 'Cotton: World Markets and Trade'.

India’s share in China's cotton import was also below the 5-year share. "India’s share has been trending down since China began limiting imports outside of the WTO tariff-rate quota (TRQ). With limited access, importers prefer to bring in machine-picked cotton. Also, India’s continual increase in its domestic Minimum Support Price (MSP) coupled with lower world prices limits its cotton competitiveness, the report said.

Uzbekistan’s market share was also at the lowest level since China’s cotton sector reform, but this was largely due to Uzbekistan’s domestic policies which are expanding domestic use and limiting exports.

Brazilian cotton benefited most from the lower market shares by the US, India, and Uzbekistan, while Australia, West African countries, and most other exporters saw small increases in their share in China market.

Brazil’s then-record 2018 crop provided exporters with ample supplies, and the prospects of an even larger 2019 crop gave exporters an incentive to ship the cotton rather than carry it over. Brazil also benefited from purchases for China’s State Reserve. Traditionally, State Reserve purchases have been primarily of US cotton, but due to the ongoing trade dispute between the US and China, the State Reserve purchased almost exclusively Brazil cotton in 2018.

With US-China trade tensions ongoing and Brazil having a second record crop, it is unlikely that US share in Chinese cotton import will recover to historic levels in 2019-20, the report said. (RKS)

Fibre2Fashion News Desk – India

Interviews View All

Headhonchos, Indian fashion industry

Indian fashion industry

Cotton consumption will keep growing in the Indian fashion industry

Top executives, Textile industry

Top executives
Textile industry

Defining MSMEs on the basis of turnover makes it simpler to do business

Top executives, Textile & apparel bodies

Top executives
Textile & apparel bodies

Textile industry would like to see inclusion of cotton yarn under MEIS and ...

Akshat Chaudhary,

Akshat Chaudhary

Aizome, Asia's first Fairtrade denim brand, is all set to launch next...

Tina Antoniades,

Tina Antoniades

India-headquartered Lulu & Sky is a rapidly escalating brand with the...

Fan Liyuan,

Fan Liyuan

Chinese company Jiangsu Yingyang Nonwoven Machinery, established in 1993,...

Ayyappa Nagubandi, Broadcast Wearables Pvt Ltd

Ayyappa Nagubandi
Broadcast Wearables Pvt Ltd

Hyderabad-based Broadcast Wearables has come up with the country's first...

Sachin Pendharkar, Dieffenbacher India Pvt Ltd

Sachin Pendharkar
Dieffenbacher India Pvt Ltd

Germany-based Dieffenbacher Group is a producer of high-quality composites ...

Steve McCullough & Marco Weichert, Functional Fabric Fair & Design and Development GmbH Textile Consult respectively

Steve McCullough & Marco Weichert
Functional Fabric Fair & Design and Development GmbH Textile Consult respectively

Functional Fabric Fair is a trade-exclusive event showcasing the latest...

Chandani Sahi, By Chandani

Chandani Sahi
By Chandani

By Chandani is a womenswear prêt couture brand with fusion silhouettes by...

Sailesh Singhania, Sailesh Singhania Label

Sailesh Singhania
Sailesh Singhania Label

The Sailesh Singhania label was created to promote handwoven sarees and...

Sandeep and Sarah Shaikh Gonsalves, SS Homme

Sandeep and Sarah Shaikh Gonsalves
SS Homme

SS Homme celebrates the craft of traditional tailoring through the bespoke ...

Press Release

Press Release

Letter to Editor

Letter to Editor

RSS Feed

RSS Feed

Submit your press release on


Letter To Editor

(Max. 8000 char.)

Search Companies


Leave your Comments

October 2019

Subscribe today and get the latest update on Textiles, Fashion, Apparel and so on.

news category

Related Categories:

Follow us on instagram


Follow Fibre2Fashion On

Advanced Search